Thoracic disc

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Surgical Approach

  • i. May be approached through costotransversectomy, lateral extracavitary, midline, transpedicular or transthoracic
    • 1. midline approach is associated with the most morbidity
    • 1. Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome)
    • i. Microcephaly and sloping forehead, holoprosencephaly, microphthalmos, coloboma (fissure or cleft) of iris, corneal opacities, anosmia, low set ears, cleft lip and palate, capillary hemagiomata, polydactyly, dextrocardia, umbilical hernia, severe mental retardation and early death
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